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Biography

Abrehet kalayou is a Professor and completed her BSc, MSc in Ethiopia.

Abstract

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive status disclosure among HIV-infected clients, particularly to their sexual partners, was one of the key components of HIV/AIDS services. Despite the benefit of disclosure, it has been documented that rates of partner disclosure by those living with HIV, though vary widely from study to study, was generally low, particularly in developing countries. Thus, disclosure of HIV positive status was a thing that demands investigation.

Objective: To determine the magnitude and factors related with HIV positive status disclosure to sexual partner among women living with HIV/AIDS attending ART clinic at Mekelle Hospital, Tigray Region, Ethiopia, 2017 G.c.

Methods: A facility based cross sectional study was conducted and 315 study subjects with 10% of contingency was selected using systematic random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics, binary and multiple logistic regressions were computed. Ethical clearance was obtained from the ethical review board of Mekelle University.

Result: The response rate was 100%. Overall, 63.8% of the women had disclosed their HIV positive status to sexual partner. Main reasons of disclosure reported by non-disclosed subjects were fear of abandonment, Fear of stigma and discrimination and fear of physical abuse. Women who did know HIV status of their sexual partners were more likely to disclose their HIV positive status than those who did not knew their partner’s HIV sero status [AOR=20.35, 95% CI (9.68, 42.79)].

 Conclusion: HIV positive status disclosure to sexual partner in this study was low. Effectively addressing issues of disclosure was recommended to encourage disclosure and cope with negative reactions after disclosure in PLWHA.